|Japanese Rule (1910-1945): All info from : http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/main_pop/kpct/kp_koreaimperialism.htm
Japanese Colonial Rule (1910-1945)
Defining the war: a question of dates!
- the ‘long civil war’: 1912 – 1949, starting with the collapse of imperial power until Mao’s ultimate victory in 1949 allowed a single ruler of the country to emerge – a sustained 37 year period of conflict.
- ‘the first Chinese civil war’: 1927 – 1937, starting with the ‘white terror’ the decade when Chiang Kai Shek and the KMT tried unsuccessfully to root out the Communists, which was then interrupted by the Japanese invasion and the Second World War, before the ‘second Chinese civil war’ broke out: 1946 – 1949.
- Historian Jonathan Spence argues that the Chinese Civil War should refer more narrowly to this latter conflict between 1946 and 1949, as this produced a decisive result.
Be aware of this controversy over when the war actually starts, and what actually constitutes the war, if you choose to answer a question on this topic. It is entirely acceptable to take the view taken by Spence and state that the civil war proper should be seen as the more concentrated period of fighting after the Second World War – but you do, of course, need to be aware of the long-term tensions and divisions leading up to this (as covered in the longer interpretations of the civil war mentioned above).
Armed disputes between rival factions with radically different ideas about the future shape/direction of a country. Differences do not, however, cause civil war in themselves; also necessary is the lack of a political system with legitimacy or monopoly of force to manage the competing claims in a society. A deeply divided society can erupt into civil war when there is no mechanism to manage those divisions.
Collapse of imperial power:
Collapse of imperial power in 19th century played a fundamental role in creating the conditions for the later civil war.
Failure of KMT to secure single party state:
Sino-Japanese War 1937-1945