Month: November 2011 (page 2 of 2)

About History

ESSENTIAL QUESTION What methods do historians use to help them answer questions about what happened in the past?

Primary Sources

• Primary source—something created by person who witnessed event – letters, diaries, eyewitness articles, videos, speeches, artifacts
Secondary Sources

• Secondary source—created after event by person who didnʼt witness it – books, paintings, media reports based on primary sources – appear after event and can provide more balanced view of event

Oral History

• Some cultures have no written records

• Oral history—unwritten verbal accounts of events – stories, customs, songs, histories, traditions – passed from generation to generation


Historian have to evaluate their sources:

Origin – what gives the source authority?

Purpose– why did the person create the source?

Value – how is this source helpful to someone studying history

Limitation – what problems might this source have for someone studying history?

Historians have their bias (definition: An inclination or preference that influences judgment from being balanced or even-handed.)

Selection bias – What the historian chooses to include

Emotional bias – Historian can use emotion to influence understanding


In class activity: Write up your personal history-which describes you. I would like it to be about 2-3 paragraphs and should include your entire life. You must include at least three primary documents to supplement your story.


Continuing our discussions on the geography of disease, we will study various diseases that affect human populations across the globe.

Make sure you follow me on to view my web resources on the topic.

Geography of Disease

As you work on your project, make sure you cover all the aspects required in the question. Here are a few websites that can help you get started.

Follow me on for even more helpful websites on disease and other topics related to the class.



United Nations Millenium Development Goals

We have been discussing disparity in many different areas such as wealth, housing, land ownership etc.

In an attempt to improve living standards worldwide, the 189 member countries of the United Nations have created a set of 8 goals to reduce this disparity. The original plan was to achieve these goals by 2015.

Have a look at these links:


Poverty Index

Using the percentage of the population living below the poverty line, (CIA World Factbook) as a measure of development,

-select five countries (include LEDC, MEDC and NIC)

-compare how GDP is allocated to three economic sectors (agriculture, industrial, service).

-Find trends between this allocation and school life expectancy

First formulate a hypothesis, then collect data. After making comparisons, identify patterns in which sector is emphasized by the wealthiest countries and the poorest countries.

Write a one-page report (200-300 words) on your findings.

Origins of Disparity: One dollar a day

From the BBC website

Choose one documentary, listen to it and produce detailed notes on housing, family size, agriculture and production, employment, education, health care and disease prevention

Part One

žPoverty was a key issue in the recent elections in Kenya and the unrest that followed.

Part Two

žIn Peru, women get one dollar a day for vaccinating and sending their children to school.

Part Three

žIn India, more people are surviving into their old age, and many live in deep poverty.

Part Four

žIn Ghana, families struggle to find the money to fund their children’s education.

7 Billion!

It’s done! Sometime last night, the population of the earth reached 7 Billion!

Have a look at this BBC website to see where you fit into all this.

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