“Deforestation is threatening the future of the forest – with dozens of tree and plant species at risk of extinction. The International Union for Conservation of Nature, IUCN, which monitors plant and animal species, calculates there are 382 plant species in Brazil at risk.” Source


1. What region had the highest number of critically endangered tree species? [1]

2. Describe the spacial distribution of endangered tree species across the globe. [3]

3:  Define the following terms: [2+2+2]

  1. biodiversity
  2. forest degradation
  3. forest fragmentation
4. Evaluate reforestation as a solution in rainforest biomes that have been affected by reduced biodiversity. [10]