Month: April 2012

Plate tectonics

Use a blank map to complete the following tasks:

1. Create a key and label the following:

  • 10 largest earthquakes in recorded history
  • 10 largest volcanic eruptions on record
  • Mid-Atlantic ridge
  • Ring of fire
  • Rocky mountain range
  • Himalayan mountain range
  • Andes Mountain range

2. Find an example and draw a labeled diagram of each of the following:

  1. Constructive margins/ divergent plate boundary
  2. Destructive margins/ convergent plate boundary and subduction zone
  3. conservative margin/ transform fault
  4. Hot spot

For each one, use annotations to describe the following:

  • Tectonic process – the types of crust involved, what are the plates called, what actually happens
  • Seismic activity – are there any? At what depth? How regular?
  • Volcanic activity – are there any? If so – what type?

IGCSE Study Guides

Google doc folder with most IGCSE Study Guides.

Also, have a look at the Syllabus and command terms.

Unconventional tourism

1. Space Tourism

$20 million for one week in space.

Backpackers’s space tourism

Virgin Galactic is in the process of creating more affordable space toursim.

Are the risks of space tourism worth the experience?

What do you think of the financial investments put into space tourism?

Is space tourism environmentally friendly?

Can you think of other, perhaps less extreme, non-traditional types of tourism?

  • Brainstorm with a partner
2. Tourism in Antarctica
In groups of 2 or 3, answer one of the following questions:
  1. Who owns Antarctica? Find a map of its political boundaries. Explain how these divisions came to be.
  2. Read the Antarctic treaty summary. Discuss the reasoning behind clauses 1 to 7. Explain the perceived goals of each clauses.
  3. Read the Antarctic treaty summary. Discuss the reasoning behind clauses 8 to 14. Explain the perceived goals of each clauses.
  4. Give the main purpose of The Madrid Protocol. Explain why it was necessary, even with the Antarctic treaty already in place.
  5. Find the website of a company offering tours in Antartica. Describe the main activities offered on one of their tours.
  6. Find 2 news article depicting the negative consequences of tourism on the Antarctic environment. Summarize the articles. One of the articles must be about a recent shipwreck of a tourist boat.
  7. Research a semi-permanent settlement on Antarctica at the moment. Describe it’s purpose, functioning, the daily life of its inhabitants, and its impact on the local ecosystem.
You will present your findings to the class.

IGCSS 9, Flooding Project

See google doc here

In groups of three, you are to research a region that is prone to regular river flooding, and detail the impact of a specific major recent flood.

Suggested rivers for research:

  • Ganges (Bangladesh)
  • Mississippi (United States)
  • Red River (Canada)
  • Chao Phraya (Thailand)
  • Niger (Nigeria)
  • Brisbane (Australia)
  • Rhine (Germany)
  • Yangtze (China)
  • Mekong (Vietnam)
  • Brahmaputra (India)

You are to prepare a written report that contains:

  1. At least two paragraphs describing the river system identifying its source, naming major tributaries, identifying primary soil and rock types, etc.

-Make references to the map

  1. A hand-drawn map (text p.24) of the region that is annotated with:

– Areas prone to regular flooding
– Human developments that have impacted flooding
– Main physical features

3. At least two paragraphs outlining the human development around the river and how it has impacted flooding in the region

4. At least three paragraphs outlining a recent flood event and the damages caused
-Human impact
-Economic impact
-Environmental impact

5. An annotated, hand-drawn flood hydrograph (text p.14-15 or p.23) from a recent flood event (i.e. specific year)(Must be the same as #5)

6. At least two paragraphs outlining strategies that could be used to prevent major flooding damage in the future

7. A rough cross-section of the river where it flows through a major populated area
-Include major settlement and physical features

8. At least three photos, labeled and annotated, of the river and/or flooding on the river

Additional requirements:
All graphs, maps, tables must be numbered and referred to in the text.
A bibliography in MLA format with all sources used

Assessment Criteria: A, B & C
Due Wednesday, April 25

Apocalypse Tourism!

As a class, we will read Apocalypse Tourism, about Belize‘s struggle to attract more tourism to their small country.


What obstacles is Belize facing in attracting more tourism?

What does the author mean by green or eco-friendly tourism? (Also known as eco-tourism)

Why can’t Belize compete with Cancun, Mexico?

What is meant by Apocalypse Tourism? What do you think of this concept?

How would direct international flights from the US help Belize tourism?

Why does the author view a possible transformation of Belize into Cancun as the real apocalyptic event?


Next, have a look at the United Nation World Tourism Organization’s 2011 Tourism Highlights.

Using a blank world map, create a choropleth map depicting the following:

  • Top 10 International tourist arrivals
  • Top 10 International tourist receipts
source: UNWTO 2011 Tourism Highlights
What is the current trend in world toursim depicted on the graph?
What predictions is the UNWTO making about the near future of tourism?

KIVA loan updates

Here is an update on the KIva loans we gave at the beginning of the year. One of the loans has been fully repaid.

IGCSE 9 Study Guides

Unit test on Monday April 16

Study guides: 

River Processes


Case study: Bangladesh

IGCSE 10, Agricultural System Study Guide

IGCSE 10 Geography students will have an exam next week.

Here is the study guide. 

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