Part 1:

Discussion Questions:
1. In which of these events does Syria seem to play a cooperative role with its neighbors or the international community?
2. In which of these events does Syria seem to be in conflict with its neighbors or the international community
3. What patterns are evident in this behavior?
4. Is Syria in a stronger or weaker position now to cooperate with its neighbors and the international community than it was in the 1970s and 80s?

Part 2

1. Read Syria’s Role in the Middle East, and answer the questions at the botom of the page.

2. Then, look at the map of the Ottoman Empire on the eve of WWI, and list all the modern countries that were contained in the empire.

3. Next, look at this map on the Picot-Sykes agreement, and list the current Middle East countries the French and British planned to control after WWI.

4. On the blank Map provided, draw in the general area of Greater Syria designed by the General Syrian Congress as described in the reading.

5. In groups, answer the following questions in discussion:

  • How might the implementation of the Sykes-Picot Agreement leave Arabs with bitterness against the West?
  • Why do nations like Syria continue to position themselves in order to create a pan-Arab State?
  • How has western and particularly U.S. support for Israel over Arab interests further aggravated their relationship with Syria and other Arab countries?
  • Since World War II, why haven’t the nations of Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq been able to unite into a single force?