“The world has enough for everyone’s need but not enough for everyone’s greed”
IB Expectation: Describe the variations in health as reflected by changes in life expectancy at national and global scales since 1950. Explain the patterns and trends in terms of differences in income and lifestyle.
What is the relationship between health and life expectancy? Do longer lives necessarily mean healthier lives?
Which of the indicators we have discussed today would be the best indicator f health?
Exercise: On an A4 paper, using gapminder, chartsbin or a similar source, create an annotated graph depicting the changes in life expectancy from 1950 to 2012 in a variety of countries in terms of income and lifestyle. (mix of MEDC, LEDC, NIC and OPEC countries)
We have discussed the benefits and drawbacks of food aid. In the Core unit 2, Disparities in Wealth ad Development, we discussed the benefits and drawbacks of trade and market access.
How are food aid, free trade and increased market effective in reducing food shortages and food insecurity?
Fill in this table listing the benefits and drawbacks of each.
Period 2: Instead of food aid, many economists and NGOs have pointed to trade as the best way to alleviate poverty and hunger in LEDCs. The problem is that trade is not always regulated and does not always benefit all parties involved equally.
Each of you will read three of the following articles (one from each section) and evaluate their content:
IB outcome: Examine the variety of causes responsible for a recent famine.
The World Food Program requires 3 factors to be evident before a famine is declared: 1. At least 20 percent of the population has fewer than 2,100 calories of food a day;
2. Prevalence acute malnutrition must exceed 30 percent of children; and
3. The death rate must exceed two deaths per 10,000 people, or four child deaths per 10,000 people per day.
Temporary Hunger: A short term need for food, triggered by physiological responses caused by food deprivation.
Starvation/Chronic Hunger: A state of extreme hunger which results from a shortage of appropriate food for a prolonged period of time.
Introduction to Famine in Ethiopia:
As you watch the video, take notes of the variety of causes of Famine in Ethiopia. Divide your answers in S.P.E.E.D. sections:
The famine of 2003 in Ethiopia was the worst famine since the mid-1980s. About one fifth of the population was left without food and tens of thousands of people died as a result of starvation and malnutrition.
In groups, complete a detailed case study for each of the following sub topics on Ethiopia’s Famine in the year 2000s:
Remember to focus all your answers on the impact of these factors on food security and famine
We have been discussing different ways we measure a country’s development. You will now be asked to use those statistics to compare and contrast two countries’ level of development and the changes that happen over time.
Write a blog post explaining the main differences you have noticed when looking at the indicators above. Can you explain why your two countries have such differences? Are the indicators interrelated? Why so?
Wen you are done, find a partner and carefully read each-other’s blogposts. Then, comment on their blogs. Give an overall assessment of the reflection by agreeing, disagreeing and asking questions to further the discussion.
Outcome: Examine the impacts at a variety of scales of trade barriers, agricultural subsidies, bilateral and multilateral agreements, and transnational corporations (TNCs) on the production and availability of food.
IB outcome: Explain how changes in agricultural systems, scientific and technological innovations, the expansion of the area under agriculture and the growth of agribusiness have increased the availability of food in some areas, starting with the Green Revolution and continuing since.