IB outcome: Examine the variety of causes responsible for a recent famine.
The World Food Program requires 3 factors to be evident before a famine is declared:
1. At least 20 percent of the population has fewer than 2,100 calories of food a day;
2. Prevalence acute malnutrition must exceed 30 percent of children; and
3. The death rate must exceed two deaths per 10,000 people, or four child deaths per 10,000 people per day.
Temporary Hunger: A short term need for food, triggered by physiological responses caused by food deprivation.
Starvation/Chronic Hunger: A state of extreme hunger which results from a shortage of appropriate food for a prolonged period of time.
Introduction to Famine in Ethiopia:
As you watch the video, take notes of the variety of causes of Famine in Ethiopia. Divide your answers in S.P.E.E.D. sections:
The famine of 2003 in Ethiopia was the worst famine since the mid-1980s. About one fifth of the population was left without food and tens of thousands of people died as a result of starvation and malnutrition.
In groups, complete a detailed case study for each of the following sub topics on Ethiopia’s Famine in the year 2000s:
- Remember to focus all your answers on the impact of these factors on food security and famine
- WFP in Ethiopia
- Cause of Famine, see also
- My Diigo
- TIME magazine photo essay
- A Mix of Drought, Mismanagement and War
- Ethiopia’s varied ethnic groups
- Ethiopia’s various religion
- Health – Sanitation, access to freshwater,
- Access to healthcare
- Traditional agricultural systems and land repartition
You will have today’s class and Wednesday’s first period to research. You will present your findings on Wednesday.
On Friday, you will have a summative, in-class essay on Famine in Ethiopia.