In understanding why inequality exists between and within nations we must understand its history, geography and how power and resources come to be shared.

  • What do you understand about this statement of inquiry?
  • What do you already know about it?
  • What questions do you have about it?

Discussion Questions:

  • What is development?
  • Why is the world unequal?
  • Why are there poor countries and rich countries?
  • Is wealth the only way to measure development?
  • What is quality of life? How do you measure it?

Exercise 1:

Look at the Longman Student Atlas, p. 14 to 23

    • In groups of 4, look at the different choropleth maps and discuss the reason for the differences between countries
    • Find some trends of countries that seem to be “better off” or “worse off”?
    • Find exceptions to your trends?
    • Discuss how these maps can be misleading and/or biased?

What is HDI

Exercise 2:

Have a look at

In groups, come up with your own human development index. Pick between 2 and 4 indicators you believe will show how developed a country is, in comparaison to another.

You will then tabulate the data and create your own choropleth map, including:

  • A title
  • A key
  • At least 10 countries colored in
  • A brief explanation of the trend found in your map

Task 2:

-Choose 2 countries on Gapminder to research.

-Picking countries with varying levels of development will be easier to compare and contrast, but you are free to pick any 2 countries.

-Look up the following indicators for both countries:

  • Population growth
  • Infant Mortality Rate
  • GDP per capita
  • Human Development Index (HDI)
  • Fertility rate
  • Life expectancy
  • Literacy Rate


Write a blog post explaining the main differences you have noticed when looking at the indicators above. Can you explain why your two countries have such differences? Are the indicators interrelated? Explain your answer.

Hyperlink your post on this doc: 8B

If you are done, find a partner and carefully read each-other’s blogposts. Then, comment on their blogs. Give an overall assessment of the reflection by agreeing, disagreeing and asking questions to further the discussion.