“Culture can be defined as the total of the inherited ideas, beliefs, values and knowledge which constitute the shared basis for social action” (Paul Guinness, 2011)
It is the way of life of a certain group of people, it makes sense of the world. It can determine people’s attitudes towards issues and give them a sense of identity. The natural environment has an impact of people’s lifestyle and it turn culture. Cultural differences can create conflict. The source of a cultural trait is called a cultural hearth.
Kwast Model of culture:
Cultural traits can include:
But as we have seen, globalization results in a mixing of culture.
In your groups, discuss: Have a consensus, one sentence answer for each question.
How has globalization shaped the perspective of your identity?
How are TCKs better prepared for today’s world?
How can this be seen as a problem?
Should all countries/people/culture globalize?
Would some people choose not to be a part of the globalized world? Give an example
The Kayapo indians of Brazil are a Native tribe that occupy a vast area of the Amazon rainforest. They have made contacts with the globalized world but are fighting to defend their culture and remain “unconnected”.
There are about around 100 uncontacted tribes in the world today.
There are 27 confirmed uncontacted groups of the Amazon –maybe up to 70
Around 15 in Peru
IN S. America alone, the uncontacted population is around 5 000 to 10 000 people – impossible to be exact
One of the Kayapo chiefs, Pukatire said: “The only things we need from the white culture are flip-flops, flashlights, and glasses” Discuss this statement
Should the Kayapo be protected from Globalization?
What are the risk fro them? For the world?
Discuss with your table group:
Can you think of other examples of cultural traits that should be protected from westernization?
The next unit will be about energy production, consumption and conservation.
First, what is climate change?
What are green house gases? Where do they come from?
What is the difference between climate change and the greenhouse effect?
What are the consequences of climate change on people and nature?
What strategies are used to reduce climate change and its impacts?
In groups, you will answer one of the following questions and present your answers to the class. Use visuals as much as possible.
Create a labeled diagram (poster) explaining the functioning of the greenhouse effect, including the amount of incoming solar radiation absorbed and reflected in/by the atmosphere, clouds, the earth, ice and the ocean
Explain the main lines of the debate over the existence of climate change? Show both sides of the issue, and evaluate their validity.
List the main (most abundant) greenhouse gases, where they come from and list their different level of “global warming potential”
What major human activities are the main causes of greenhouse gas increase? Explain each activity and the way it releases GHG
Which nations are the biggest GHG producers? Give a list of each nations and their main source of GHG production.
What does the WWF say about how you could become more energy efficient? Research a few other new technologies that can reduce domestic carbon footprint.
List the possible consequences of global temperature change in terms of:
Is there a controversy over wether GCC is man-made? What is debatable?
Thinking back to the resource game, if each time you created a shape, a negative externality would occur to yourself or another country, what would be the long term consequence? What would be a solution?
Who is responsible for limiting GCC?
What are some solutions to GCC? How realistic are they?
Today we will begin discussions on our new unit on Resources and Scarcity. Our statement on inquiry will be:
Scientific and technical innovation produce sustainability and equity of resources
What does the statement mean to you?
What issues are implied in the statement?
How do you think we will study these issues?
Part 1: We will play the resource game to explore how resources are exchanged and used between countries
Part 2: Questions:
What problems did you encounter in round 1?
Essentially scarcity vs. wants
Most resources in the world are scarce and there is an finite supply (e.g. oil, clean water and steel).
However humans wants are infinite. Even once we’ve got basic needs (food, shelter, clothing) we always want more.
The purpose of an economic activity is the production of good and services, with scarce resources, to best satisfy human needs and maximise people’s happiness (economic welfare).
It is assumed consumption increases economic welfare, although of course it also depletes natural resources which has it own problems.
What problems did you try to resolve before the 2nd round ? What did you do differently?
Who produces what: Who was best at making a specific thing?
What to produce: Should the US make more CDs than cars?
How to produce: How do we make the best use of our scarce resources?
For whom to produce: Whose needs are greatest (who will pay more) and how best distribute the goods and services to them?
But we are not in a prefect world and choices and trade-offs will have to be made. (what do we make, how and for who?) In Economics this is called opportunity cost; the cost of making that trade-off.
What did you need to do well in the game?
In economics, all resources are classified in 4 categories: (These would be different in Geography)
Land (including all natural resources)
Labour (size and education/expertise level)
Capital (human made resources: money, machines, robots, computers, etc)
Entrepreneurship (people who organize the factors of production, taking risks in the search for profit)
How did you organize yourselves in round 2?
Did one person take charge?
Was it a proper democracy?
Did anyone not like what they’d been given to do?
These are economic systems:
Free Market Economy
In groups of 2, find one example in the news where economic exchanges, resource allocation, resource scarcity or trade has impacted the lives of people. Present your findings to the class, drawing parallels to the game.
Explain the economic interaction
Explain how it affected different stakeholders
Explain the game equivalent of the interaction
**When possible, try to use the vocabulary defined above.