Most history is written from the viewpoint of the victors not the vanquished and it usually focuses on major political and economic events. However in this unit we want to focus on society and the common man or woman, a story that is inclusive and representative and that tells the story of one person or a group of people. Most important is to focus on a unique group of people that have one thing in common and that you have no relation to:
US soldiers suffering from PTSD that served in Afghanistan
Trawling fishermen in the Atlantic Ocean
Rohingya refugees in Thailand
Carvers of wooden Buddhas from Japan
Rockabilly bands in Yoyogi Park
Any group of people you are interested in
You will find some stories that have been written about in newspapers, magazines, on personal blogs, but where can you go looking for more personal and primary sources? Is there someone you could conduct an interview with or is there one that has already been conducted with someone in that group? Do some of these people keep an online journal or blog? For example you could start with the wanting to know more about child refugees, then narrow it down to a subgroup such as Syrian child refugees. But through your research you discover that is too broad so you focus on one specific area In Turkey with many young Syrian refugees.
Now you need to come up with the three themes that you are going to talk about. They might be the lack of education, inadequate food, and the desire to go elsewhere. You will need at least 4 legitimate sources and one must be an interview that has been conducted with a member of the group, or an expert in the field.
It would be great if as source could be an interview you conduct. You could contact an expert in the field and conduct an interview with them by e-mail.
Remember that social history delves into personal lives so we must be conscious as researchers that we are handling very sensitive information and looking at it through their lens of history.
Assessment: In-class essay
You will write a social history essay on one specific person or one group of people, looking for their voice and point of view to come through in your writing along with their story.
Part 1: 1 page, typed outline
Your research question will be your title
An introduction with a clear thesis statement that covers the 3 themes that you are going to focus on
3 body paragraphs with topic sentences, main argument, supporting arguments, facts and stats
A conclusion where you synthesize your answer
Your bibliography should have at least four valid sources including one interview, using MLA Works Cited citation
At least 2 of the source should have a short OPPVL (1 or 2 sentences per point)
Show initiative and explore as many different avenues as possible in looking for information. You are trying to give an honest portrayal of this group of people to a larger audience. Think about what you want them to know about this group when they finish reading your piece. This message should be evident in your outline.
Part 2: In-class essay
You will only be allowed to bring your outline, water and writing material
You will have 60 minutes to write a 5paragraph essay
Title Page includes the name of the experiment The Effect of Word Order on Memory: The Serial Position Effect centered and then in the lower left hand corner your name, your class and the date of submission on three separate lines
Abstract is written after the experiment and states what you are studying, the aim or purpose of the experiment you are conducting, a brief description of the method, some details about the participants, where the research was conducted, and briefly state your results. (1 paragraph)
Results : Graphs of your results with clear labels and titles, your results must also be clearly stated in written form in this section, including anomalies (2 graphs and a totla of 4 sentences)
Discussion: relates your results to the results of the study you are replicating, you state what your results mean in relation to your hypotheses, you state your conclusion, and how you would improve this study if you were to do it again (2 paragraphs)
Appendix: Include a summary table of raw data in the appendix that you can refer to, as well as all of your calculations (Images of your data tables, with titles and numbers, and all calculations)
Pick a commercial you think uses a few psychological techniques. It can be any type: video, poster, billboard, etc.
Identify and analyse 3 to 5 techniques the marketeers are using in their commercial advert(s). With reference to one or more commercials you will identify some of the the techniques used to make us buy.
For each technique, you will evaluate its effectiveness. You must use sources to support your argument, not your personal opinion. Find a study that has proven this theory.
The study might not be directly related to your topic or use the same terminology as the sources above. You need to refine your searches to find the proper study
Name each study by the lead researcher(s) last name(s) and mention the university where it was conducted at leats once.
Groups of 2
Present your findings in any way you fell will best convey your information: written google doc with hyperlinks, a voice over video (4 minutes max), poster, presentation (4 minutes max), interpretive dance, etc
Thus far, we have discussed how psychology is the study of human behavior, and how our environment, as well as our genetic makeup affect the ways we act. We briefly discussed reasons people are altruistic. Finally, we discussed ways researchers can measure the reason for altruism.
Today, we will discuss way to alter people’s behavior.
Part 1: Conditioning
Have you heard of Pavlov’s dogs? Discuss
How do we learn?
What has created your personality?
How do you know that you have free will?
Classical Conditioning – Ivan Pavlov
Ok that was a lot of information. Here’s a simpler version:
Here is an example of altering behavior on humans: Little Albert, one of the earliest studies of human behavior modification.
What conclusions can you make from the Little Albert experiment?
Are there any flaws in the experiment?
In your table groups, can you list the:
Part 2: Now there are different ways a stimulus that can change a behavior:
Negative reinforcement occurs when a certain stimulus (usually an aversive stimulus) is removed after a particular behavior is exhibited. The likelihood of the particular behavior occurring again in the future is increased because of removing/avoiding the negative consequence. (source)
While a positive reinforcement involves the addition of a reinforcing stimulus following a behavior that makes it more likely that the behavior will occur again in the future. When a favorable outcome, event, or reward occurs after an action, that particular response or behavior will be strengthened. (source)
In your groups, one real world example of positive and negative reinforcement in your lives.
Part 3: Then, in groups of 2 or 3, read and complete the advertising question in the handout
You will embed the videos here (9A) and present your findings to the class
Using the Nature vs. Nurture (handout), read the arguments and then fill out the chart on the back, and check with your family tonight on whether or not they agree with you, and please bring your sheet completed to tomorrow’s class, ready to discuss your answers.