Category: Individuals and Societies 10 (page 1 of 12)

InS 10: Monopolies

Why do companies compete with each other?

How can a company compete with another? (Strategies)

What is the purpose of advertising?

Draw a diagram explaining the outcome of advertising on quantity and pricing.

What is a monopoly?

Draw a diagram of how a monopoly would affect quantity and pricing.

Is a monopoly a good or bad thing?

We will now play the “Hunt the Cons” game to think further about the pros and cons of monopolies.

Let’s discuss again, is a monopoly a good or bad thing?

Monopoly slideshow

In your groups, find 2 real world examples of companies with a monopoly on their market:

  • One with positive social outcomes
  • One with negative social outcomes

For your Second summative assessment, you will have a choice of creating a video or a Pecha Kucha

TSC for Video

TSC for Pecha Kucha

Hyperlink your team, topic and project here

 

Due date:

  • 10 A: March 2nd

  • 10 C: TBD

SNOW DAY!!!

Hi guys,

I hope you are enjoying the snow day and that you managed to have some time outside.

As per the YIS e-learning policy, here is the work you will beed to do to make up the missed class.

InS 9: Get in touch with your partner and work on the Sustainability in the home project

InS 10:  Get in touch with your partner and work on your article analysis

Have a great day!

Mr M

InS 10: Article Analysis Assessment

We have been discussing market failure and externalities. The importance of understanding these things is so that stakeholders (businesses, governments, city planners etc) can allocate resources in order to produce the right amount of any given product or service.

First, here are a few important vocabulary terms: 

  • Externalities (When a 3rd party is directly affected by the good or service that they are not consuming or producing themselves, such as second hand smoke).
  • Merit Goods (good goods, that affect the person NOT consuming/producing the good such as medicines) These are often Public Goods.
  • Demerit Goods (bad goods such as pollution and cigarettes)

Another way to put it is that we want to maximize our utility (happiness) or “Equilibrium” level. It means that the perfect amount of the good or service is produced and consumed.

  • So for example, you eat a bite of ice cream, that first bite would taste the best. But then you eat another and another until you get to the point at which you are completely satisfied (the 9th bite). If you were to eat one more bite it (10) it would make you feel a bit sick. You would not consume another bite if it was to have a negative effect on you (therefore, make you feel ill) so your utility would be maximized at the 9th bite.
  • Inversely, if we do not produce or consume enough of something (say a vaccine for malaria) then we are not at equilibrium or the socially optimal level as there are still people who would  like the good or service but cannot get it. So we need the someone else to intervene and help, this is where the government comes in. They help subsidize the production of the merit good.

Your first assessment with be analyzing economic activities in order to identify the market failure, externalities and solutions to reach equilibrium:

You will need to take an article from the news ( maybe use one of these ) and using the topic of market failure, explain what the problem is (why the market has failed) and how the government could step in to solve the problem through the use of a subsidy or a tax.

Layout:

1) Summarise what the main point of the article is – point out any controversy
2) Explain why the market is failing to be efficient (at equilibrium)
3) Identify the private and third party costs and or benefits
4) Identify the stakeholders in the market and explain if they are hurt or helped and why
5) Explain 2 or 3 possible solutions and evaluate how well they might work given the context of the situation. Evaluate which one is best suited to address the imbalance.
Remember:
You may use a digram to explain your reasoning.

Judgments are made that are supported by effective and balanced reasoning.

  • Make judgments – be specific about what you think.

  • Support judgments with appropriate reasoning – explain why you came to that conclusion and mention the evidence you have for making assumptions or synthesising points.

Consider alternative points of view (be clear about specific stakeholders) or alternative outcomes to the ones you have discussed. Also support these alternatives or rank in order of priority/effectiveness. Give room for claims and their counterclaims.

Here is an example. 

In groups of 2: Pick a recent article depicting a market failure and analyze it using the 5 points above. You will present your findings to the class.

  • Presentations should be between 3 and 5 minutes long
  • You may record a video

Hyperlink your presentations here.

TSC (A, C, D)

Due date: Monday January 29th (2nd semester)

InS 10: Introduction to Market Failure

In groups, discuss:

  • What do you know about pricing?
  • How do companies calculate the cost of a good?
  • Why are similar goods sometimes priced differently?
  • Why are goods different prices in different places?

Once again:

  • What is supply and demand?
  • Give a concrete example

What is missing in the supply and demand equation?

___________________________________________________________

Market failure is when pricing mechanism leads to an inefficient allocation of (scarce) resources and loss of economic welfare

Today, we will only consider 2 types of market failure: positive and negative externalities

Externalities are the consequence of an industrial or commercial activity which affects other parties without this being reflected in market prices

  • What is not included in the price of:
    • Cigarettes?
    • Cars?
    • Tree planting?
    • Education?

How can we adjust prices, now that we know their externalities?

 

Externalities do not have to be about pricing. Any activity that has an unintended impact on a third party can be seen as an externality.

PPT

Here is another way to put it:

Exercise 1: In your table groups

  1. Define and give one example of:
  • Private cost
  • Social cost
  • Social benefit

2. Explain 2 positive and 2 negative externalities  in the school. (Social benefit and social cost)

————————————————–

Exercise 2:  In groups of 2

Read one of the following articles, describe it to the class while explaining:

Exercise 3: As a class, we will play Externalities Mystery!

You will be divided into 8 groups of 2 or 3

  • Each group will briefly explain wether the hospital should be built or not, base don their card’s perspective.
  • We will then have small discussions on wether or not the hospital construction should go ahead.
    • What were the reasons for your decision?
    • Why were those reasons more significant than any other reason?
    • What other factors might it depend on?
    • What else might you want to know before making a final choice?

Then:

  • Which costs are private costs/benefits, and which are external?
  • Can we put a value on any of these externalities?
  • Who is likely to benefit/suffer the most as a result of the hospital project?

If time:

How is Christmas an externality?

Or spot all the externalities in Dr Seuss’ the Lorax

InS 10 – Kamakura Beach Study Write-Up

Now that we have collected all of our data, it is time to put it all together.

First, make sure all of your paper data is inputed here

PART 2 – graphing results, analysis, conclusion and evaluation

Please use clear headings for these sections.

ANALYSIS

First you will graph your data in order to analyse your findings

* Note – Graphs can be computer generated or done by hand and must have titles, referred to and be integrated into the text, where you talk about them. You should use a variety of suitable graphs to display data. They must be clear, have labelled/numbered axis and titled. Be as creative as you want when illustrating all of your work.

Write your analysis under the headings of each Hypotheses. You will state what we expected with reference to our studies on coastal processes and landforms.( use what we have learned in class! ) You will analyse ( describe and explain ) the data you collected with regard to the expectations of a destructive beach, and state whether or not you have proved or disproved each hypothesis. DO NOT ANSWER THE RESEARCH QUESTION. You will do this in the conclusion. 

Graphing suggestions:

  1. The beach gradient is steeper towards the back of the beach
  • Create a beach profile by graphing the angle of slope from each quadrat of your transect and analyse this bearing in mind what we know about a destructive profile (use class averages)
  • 3D graphing on Excel
  1. Beach material will be larger and more angular towards the back of the beach
  1. The waves will be high ( 1 metre or more ) and frequent ( more than 12 per minute )
  • Use a table or pictograph to illustrate the data and graph the 2 class averages.
  1. There will be a strong longshore drift
  • Analyse your findings referring to prevailing wind, direction of movement  and time taken for any movement of material over 10m. If it is over 3m per minute then it is considered strong.

         5. There is natural evidence (erosional landforms) and evidence of Mitigation (man-made defences) which illustrate that show            the beach is being destroyed.

  • Using a field sketch and the observational notes you made as well as photographs present any evidence of the above. Use lots of photos and be creative here. Annotate your photographs to show what they illustrate.

CONCLUSION

Sum up what you found. Are your hypotheses mainly proven or disproven?  Go through each hypothesis and state whether it’s proved or disproved, based on the summary of your findings you will conclude and give your answer to the question: “ Is the beach at Kamakura Inmuragasaki a destructive beach?”

EVALUATION

Briefly evaluate (discuss positive and negatives)

  1. the methods and how these might have been improved (not the execution of your peers!)
  2. suggest how the study/methodology might be improved 
  3. how the study might be extended.

TSC for this  A, B, C & D

Hyperlink your work here

Due date: 

10A: Wednesday December 6th

10C: Tuesday December 5th

InS 10: Field Trip Beach Study To Kamakura

On November 3rd, we will be going to Kamakura to conduct a few data collection experiments on Inamuragasaki beach in Kamakura.

On the day, you will either meet us:

What to bring:

  • Wear your YIS PE t-shirt
  • Your lunch
  • Water
  • Sunscreen and sunglasses
  • A camera or smartphone
  • Swimsuit and towel for those going in the water.

————————————————————-

The fieldtrip has two main aims

  1. To familiarise you with the processes and landforms of the coastal environment and mitigation methods
  2. To conduct fieldwork required for a geographical investigation of a coastal zone

Our research question is:

“ Is Inamuragasaki beach a destructive beach?”

To help answer this we are gathering data on beach characteristics, beach material, gradient and waves, as well as making observations to decide whether or not it is destructive or constructive  

We will try to prove or disprove the following Hypotheses

  1. The beach gradient is steeper towards the back of the beach
  2. Beach material will be larger and more angular towards the back of the beach
  3. The waves will be high ( 1 metre or more ) and frequent ( more than 13 per minute)
  4. There will be a strong longshore drift
  5. There is natural evidence (erosional landforms) and man made evidence (defences) that the beach is being destroyed

Methodology

We will be working in class groups to make information sharing easier. There will be 8 transects. See map for transects and groups

Each class will be split into 4 groups and will rotate their tasks. See rotation and explanation. You will have a copy of this with you.

Since we will be going with Ms Wilson’s classes, here is our schedule for the day:

Time Task
Morning: 10:30 to 12:00 Tasks 2 and 3: Waves, Longshore Drift  and Observations
Afternoon: 12:30 – 2:00 Task 1 – Beach Material and Gradient

 

PART 1 – Introduction, location and method

Before we go, you need to have a good understanding of the area we are going to research, and of the methodology of our experiments

In groups of 3, you will need:

  • A title page – include your name
  • Contents page ( this will be done last)
  • Clear headings for each section – INTRODUCTION/LOCATION, METHOD etc
  • INTRODUCTION
    • A one or two paragraph description of the location (history, geographic location and site)
    • A hand drawn map of the beach, and another situating it in Japan
    • The aims of the study
    • Our research question
    • Your five hypotheses with justification.
  • METHODOLOGY
    • You will explain, using visual aids (pictures or drawings) how to conducted each experiment
    •  Including a brief justification ( why you think this method is appropriate )
    • Include a list of all the material needed, with pictures.

TSC – B & C 

Due date:

  • 10A: November 14
  • 10C: November 15

InS 10: Coastal Processes and Landforms Poster – First summative

You will have today’s class and a double period during seminar week to complete this task. You should submit it at the end of the priod next week. You may want to do some homework before then.

Due dates:

  • 10A: Wednesday Oct 18th, periods 3 and 4
  • 10C: Friday Oct 20th, periods 1 and 2

Using this reading,  (source) create a poster or booklet explaining, with the aid of diagrams, the formation of:

  • Cliffs
  • Wave Cut Platforms
  • Caves
  • Arches
  • Stacks
  • Stumps
  • Bays
  • Headlands.

Your resource should also include how erosion and/or deposition processes produced the landform. To do so, explain the 4 processes of erosion and produce fully annotated diagrams. The four processes are:

  • Attrition
  • Corrasion
  • Corrosion
  • Hydraulic action

Examples of each landform with at least one photograph and/or map of it’s location from anywhere in the world

  • Links to the sources of information of your images/maps/photographs should be cited
  • You may use your own photographs

 

TSC, Criterion A

InS 10: Intro to cosatals processes and landforms

Our next unit will be about coastal processes and erosional landforms, leading to another field trip to Kamakura, but this time we will be collecting primary data about the Inamuragasaki Beach on November 3rd

First, a few guiding questions to get us started.

WAVES

What are waves?

Why do they come in different shapes and sizes?

What generates waves?

Why are waves different?

The prefect wave?

BEACHES

What different types of beaches are there?

Can you explain why they look different?

ACTIVITY

In groups of 3 or 4, you will explain one of the following features:

  • Constructive wave
  • Destructive wave
  • Ocean swells
  • Rip currents
  • Billabong
  • Erosion
  • Corrasion
  • Hydraulic action
  • Corrosion
  • Longshore Drift

There’s a catch! Only one person in the group will be allowed to talk. The others will have to “act-out” your explanation without speaking.

Useful link,  or try using this reading,

We will present in 10 minutes the end of class.

Part 2: Marine Processes presentation

Take detailed notes of the slide show

 

InS 10: Edo museum visit, OPPVL presentation and Edo Analytical Essay

We have been discussing the Edo period for some time now and you are expected to have a topic in mind that you would like to research further.

We will be visiting the Edo Museum on  Tuesday. While you are expected to look at the entire display and gain a better understanding of that section of Japanese history, you will need to find one source that you will use in your research project on order to complete an OPPVL.Make sure to take pictures of the source you choose and collect as much details about its author/creator as possible.

Your first summative assessment will be to complete and OPPVL

Hyperlink all of your work here

_________________________________________

Once your OPPVL presentation is done, you may begin researching on your Analytical Edo Essay

Due Oct 6th, but see project detail for internal deadlines.

Hyperlink all of your work here

InS 10: Resting place of 10 of the 47 Ronins

This is coming from one of my InS 10 students. The pictures were taken on the grounds of the Italian Embassy in Tokyo:

“The writing in Italian says: “On February 4th 1703 in this garden, 10 of the 47 ronins killed themselves. The R. (“Royal” because at the time there was still a monarchy in Italy) Ambassador Giacinto Avriti placed this memorial A.D. 1939. XVIII E.F. (Fascist Era – on the 18th year of Mussolini’s rule).”
The writing in Japanese, on the other hand, reads the names of the 10 ronins and a brief summary of the story.
The garden of the Italian Embassy is one of the most ancient in Tokyo. The territory was once home to the Shogun, Matsudaira Ōkinokami, before it was bought by the Italian government.
The trees within the garden allows us to date it all the way back to the XVII century.
During the Edo period, an interesting happening took place in the garden of Matsudaira’s residence: 10 of the 47 ronins killed themselves in 1703. This event is remembered in Japanese culture through the popular play, “Chūshingura“.
The killings took place where the pond now lays in the garden, as the ground was removed to create a small artificial hill where, in 1939, a commemorative stele of the event was erected by the Italian government.
Matsudaira’s property later passed to Prince Masayoshi Matsukata, a known politic of the Meiji period, who was Prime Minister twice.
A little after the events that took place in 1701 to 1702, such as the attack to a high shogunal official, Kira Kozukenosuke’s palace on December 15 1702, many theatrical plays began to circulate Japan. The plays narrated the past happenings, as theater at the time was a way of communicating events, usually dramatic, to the population.”
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