Category: Geography 12

Wednesday’s Geog lesson – Cover teacher

The HL students please work in pairs or groups and make a good plan then do an essay outline for 2 Globalisation questions with ref to some examples etc – key terminology – It’s like an essay only in bullit point form or as a table. Do a full intro and conclusion paragraph( links to questions here ) .

  1. Everyone is to answer this question ‘Globalisation benefits everyone’ – discuss (15) 
  2. Then choose another 1 (or 2 questions if you have time )  to outline and plan from any of the sections on ‘Globalisation’
  3. When you have completed the work please hyperlink answers to this page 

 

SL students:-  Jem and Lucy will focus on producing plans for any 2 oceans questions 

 

 

Homework

We have one last little bit of Globalisation work to cover, so please work on the following yourselves and for homework this weekend. Follow the instructions below

3. Local responses to Globalisation

Chapter from Globalisation book

Look at the response of Global Civil Society to Globalisation…read pages 224 and 225 and look at the table on page 225 – you will fill in the sheets and simplify the data from the table.

We will look at the different egs of Civil Society, which you will add to the top of the sheet.

Go to 228 in ‘Global interactions’ read pages 228 to 230 – look at the Costs & benefits of Globalised production and compared it with Local commercial, production. You should make a copy of this cost/benefit table of local versus global production and fill it in with simple notes.

Please watch ‘slow food nation’ videos, which are a local backlash against global, fast food – they are only short!. Part 1, Part 2 & Part 3   

4. Alternatives to Globalisation 

Read Chapter from Globalisation book – part 1 and part 2

This is about a non globalised society.  You need to do is study a non globalised society – people who have minimal contact with the outside world and live alternative lifestyle – Read pages 240 to 243 and answer questions 1 to 4.on page 243.

For homework this weekend please answer this question ‘ Evaluate the quality of life of a contemporary non-globalised society.’ 10 marks. Please make a good plan, clear intro and paragraphs and a good solid conclusion and evaluation – remember you are evaluating throughout too.

You can use Mongolia from the chapter in the book but not a great deal in there.

If you want do it on the Amish they are a great example and so easy to evaluate pros and cons of their lifestyle. Another article on Amish (advantages and disadvantages of being non globalised What’s good about their way of life and what they may be missing out on or not enjoying from globalisation)

Short video on Amish lifestyle

Not all Amish anti technology

I will take this in on Monday – April 16th.

Globalisation at a local level

Today we will look at egs of Global interactions at a local level

Make sure you can define and state the difference between ‘Globalisation’ and ‘Glocalisation’

Global interactions at local level – Rise of NGOs and Civil society in response to globalisation and corporate response re Glocalization – see pages 389 – 399 blue study guide and answer the questions. We have covered a lot re Glocalisation

McDs and Starbucks efforts to Glocalise See pages 390 – 399 in Blue study guide for more egs glocalisation. Egs of  Glocalization by TNCs

1 Glocalization

Distinguish between Glocalization and Globalization – learn the definitions of both and how they differ – read IB study guide page 217

Read pages 211 to 217 in Global interactions

Glocalisation

Tesco’s glocalisation strategy

Non food glocalisation

Adaption of Glocalization

Read page 182 in the IB study guide and pages 218 to 220 in Global interactions Create a spider diagram listing factors affecting the rate of adoption of globalisation and glocalisation. This is the Mindmup we worked on. Please read over.

 

 

Homework this weekend

Please answer one of these Past Paper questions (on Socio-cultural exchange) for homework. There are lots of them so scroll down, read them carefully and choose wisely. You should use the markscheme as a guide and plan well, using appropriate subject terminology. It should be concise and hand written, no more than 3 sides of A4 paper. Ideally it should be 2 sides if you can manage that.  Check and edit work well to avoid, errors, omissions and repetition or irrelevant stuff.

It is due next lesson. Monday 9th April

 

The power of TNCs and responses to loss of National Sovereignty

TNCs

*- Walmart’s GDP is as big as Belgium

*- McDonald’s revenues are as big as Latvia

the rise of corporate global power TNCs

Corporations versus countries !

TNC Useful Links

10 companies own all of the world’s food brands

Power of TNCs – Walmart

If Walmart were a country, they would be the 25th largest economy in the world.

Walmart is the biggest retailers in the world, Walmart is the largest overall employer in the USA, and the biggest employer in 25 states.Each week nearly one-third of the U.S. population visits Walmart’s U.S. stores.China’s exports to Walmart accounted for 11% of the growth of the total US trade deficit with China between 2001 and 2006.

Mindblowing facts about Walmart
TNCs the balance sheet:

 

Countries are losing their ability to rule themselves, ie losing national sovereignty

  1. to trade blocks (UK and EU) or TNCs (USA)

– EU now has power over UK, TNCs dominate USA

 

  • TNCs fund campaigning in eg USA for presidents etc, they then have to listen to the TNC and its demands or else…..

 

RESPONSES TO LOSS OF SOVEREIGNTY

see National sovereignty doc

EU globalisation versus Nationalism

Youtube links to videos Rise of Nationalism

Nationalism simplified

EU and the rise of Nationalism

Latest news – Norway – vigilante groups patrol N sea to stop migrants

Sweden – rise of nationalism

Paris attacks

protest – UK against EU, migration

– Civil Society –> Greenpeace against Shell, Nestle etc – largely environment and labour exploitation

– Occupy wall street –> anti TNC/Corporate Finance

– Growth of nationalism eg ‘buy british’ = local, organic –> goes against agribusiness, anti GM foods –> monsanto – Local languages encouraged eg Welsh and Gaelic…Scotland now fed up with EU and want to devolve ( leave UK) and become independent.

Rise of UK nationalist party in UK – demonstrations

Knights of Odin in Finland

Hungary and Austria close borders against EU rules

Greece! backlash against EU – threatens to leave

EU- Brexit?? UK referendum June 24th 2016 – vote on whether to stay in or leave EU for good. – Crisis point for the EU – Many countries feel not only that they are losing their Sovereignty but their cultural identity

 

Growth of Nationalism:- see pages 381 – 384 Blue study guide

Because things are getting more homogenous and people are losing their sense of identity

Ireland

At one time the freedom fighters ( IRA ) were terrorising the British population as they did not want to be part of UK and ruled by London. The spread of Gaelic speakers and Gaelic in the curriculum to strengthen their culture before it is lost. Gaelic football and Hurling are now more popular than ever as people are identifying more with their own heritage and culture than imports such as baseball from USA or football from England. Embracing their own culture and heritage  – response to Globalisation.

 

Indonesia

– Timor island colonised by Portugal in the early 1500’s, Netherlands took control of the northern parts in early 1600’s, divided between (east/west) the two nations since 1800’s.

– The UN forces came into east Timor in 2000 and established an independent government

 

Canada

– Inuits now have their own land called the Nunavut. There are approximately 25,000 Inuits living there.Radio station schools speaking Nanavut..

 

Former Yugoslav Republic (FYR)

– The Allied nation from World War II mashed up six republics into one. After the early 1980s, tension built up and a war broke out. After 1995, six different nations were formed.

 

PPT Anti globalization movements

Anti globalist movements

Is anti globalisation on the rise?

 

Anti globalisation Protests

– Tea Party Movement in the United States protested against Obama’s policies like bailing out the American automobile industries and banking, taxation, and trying to promote Obamacare.

– Protest against GM crops in Washington at the Parliament House

– G20 Toronto Summit Protest, protested against poverty and anti-capitalism-

– Lufthansa employees strike for better salary and working conditions as well as retirement, many employees (pilots and stewardesses) are walking off.

-Japanese study says that the Chinese are polluting mount Fuji. (Japanese protesting against this).

Green Peace: Protesting against the deforestation of palm trees for Palm Oil. Use of Social Media &

-riots in Kiev (Ukraine) against the government that was pro-Russia.

– Many countries eg Ireland, Scotland, want to become more independent –> don’t want to belong to England anymore, want their own language, culture etc.

– Western nations want to become more balanced and self-reliant. They want to stop outsourcing their jobs, factories etc.

– G8- Summit – Mass protest in Geneva and Lausanne, Switzerland

– Animal rights advocates protesting in the U.S. to draw attention to the unbearable conditions the dogs are in animal shelters.

 

see the battle for Seattle WTO link and Naomi Klein link No Logo!

 

  • Brazil is now banning advertisements

(See anti globalisation links on Diigo)

 

Anti globalisation movement (AGM)

The AGM is a term used to describe a variety of protesters against globalization.

Largely anti-corporate protests –> against eg Starbucks, Microsoft, Nestle

Some people claim that the AGM is for Globalization but at a slower pace.

 

People’s global action (PGA)

The PGA is not an organization, has no members. It acts as a portal for information exchange on anti-globalization movements.

Spread information about eg government summits etc.

Focuses on mainly human and environmental rights issues such as: economic globalisation, exploitation, gender inequalities, oppression of ethnic groups and indigenous people, environment, culture, education, militarisation, migration etc.

 

Another response to globalisation is the backlash to the movement of people

 

Responses to Migration – we did this – Mexico to USA read pages 386 to 388 Blue study guide.

some countries are making it harder to get in and restricting movement by closing their borders and have very strict border controls, eg Japan and USA most often require work permit for people to move in. The UK wants to close off their borders due to the large influx of Eastern Europeans and other nationalities, however they can’t because of the EU rulings and legislation on this

  • Case Study of stricter border control: MEXICO & USA;  anti-migration and tightening of borders.

 

Global interactions at local level – Rise of NGOs and Civil society in response to globalisation and corporate response re Glocalization – see pages 389 – 399 blue study guide and answer the questions. We have covered a lot re Glocalisation

McDs and Starbucks efforts to Glocalise See pages 390 – 399 blue study guide for more egs glocalisation

 

Cost of globalization

inequality globally

brands/cheap clothes and exploitation

TNCs  and tax

Wed April 4th – National sovereignty

Read pages 180 to 243 – Global interactions for further information & revision

Read pages 374 – 399 Blue study guide ( course companion ) for further information

NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY – nationalism and backlash

  • Some people believe nations are far less important than they used to be.
  • The increasing flow of people, capital, goods and ideas across international boundaries illustrates the demise of nation state.
  • The growth of trading blocs like the EU and TNC’s heralds a New World Order in which individual countries are less important than before

1.What is national sovereignty?

The supreme and absolute power by which an independent state is governed and from which all specific political powers are derived combined with the right and power of regulating its internal affairs without foreign interference.

2. Who or what is threatening national sovereignty? (TNCs +Trade blocks such as EU)

Transnational Corporations: an organization with operations in a large number of countries

– They threaten the national sovereignty by:
1. Economic power coming from the ownership of assets

  1. Large employment rates – governments can not take strict measures on them as it employs such a huge percentage of its population (50 million people employed by TNCs)
  2. Using strategies such as to increase demand and increase competitiveness:

– rationalization: replacing people with machines (to reduce the employees)

– reorganization: improvements in production

– diversification: developing new products

Some TNCs profits are bigger than some countries GDP..see below*

Trade Blocks (EU):

A trade block or Union is an organized association of workers in a trade, group of trades, or profession, formed to protect and further their rights and interests.

– They threaten the national sovereignty by:

  1. abiding the national government to multilateral legislations (ex. International Court of Human rights)
  2. Controlling/introducing quotas of production – (ex. allocating specific quantities to each farmers/producers)

Examples of TNC’s and EU.

EU

Domestic laws in the U.K are affected by the laws set by the E.U : e.g deporting people from the U.K violates “human rights”. The E.U overrule the decisions of national courts. e.g  An illegal immigrant in the UK is using his 5 children and human rights to fight deportation. (See link here

How does the EU affect the UK?

Nutty EU laws

Crazy EU rules

for a most recent news article)

See this article – How the EU affects UK

UK losing number plates

GM seeds introduced

latest 20th March

UK number plates axed

Latest on EU March 2016

Brexit

French Brie must be refrigerated.

UK playground closed due to  EU rules

Speed limit put on children’s roundabouts

The single market means UK citizens are free to move, live, study and trade anywhere within the EU

– EU energy labels have also been introduced on all electrical goods like washing machines and even light bulbs to try to make us all more aware of what energy we’re using eg. Light bulbs across the EU now have to be energy-efficient and have ratings

– Every EU state must stick to rules on fishing set by Europe (Only allowed to fish for certain types of fish at certain times of the year to conserve stocks)

– Germany and UK have trouble introducing an immigration/integration policy/politics because it must coincide with European rules. A good organised immigration/integration policy/politics can only work, when the EU establishes one.

EU- Brexit?? UK referendum on whether to stay in or leave EU for good.

EU, which started out to control over production in farming with their common agricultural policy ( CAP ) ( Common market )  turned into an economic union ( EEC ) and has morphed and extended it’s power to challenge and control many aspects of society in UK and other EU member states..( human rights, laws, migration, Aid, manufacturing, food industry, packaging, health and safety, transport etc ) Fear of losing our identity and having to answer to this huge faceless trading block…losing Diversity and becoming in Homogenous..!!

UK referendum – all you need to know from the BBC

Why Britain should leave EU – simple reasons

Why the UK wants to leave the EU

Latest from a financial point of view

Link to Marian le Pen