Category: Grade 9 Individuals and Societies

MEMORY

Introduction to Memory and Research Methods for Psychology.  We will look at memory and what affects it before we introduce our music and memory experiment.

Before we start I want you to think of as many things as possible that may affect or influence your ability to remember – do this pairs or groups. Spend 10 minutes on this and add your thoughts to this doc.

You should use your headphones to watch the following video :- watch and listen carefully –  Elizabeth Loftus’ Ted Talk

In your pair or group discuss the questions on this doc and add some answers under the questions.

Now take a piece of scrap paper  – There are large A3 sheets of recycled paper on the front desk.

Some of the following tests require you to write what your answers down. In pairs do some memory tests – follow the instructions. These are only samples of tests so when the lesson is finished you can bin the scraps of paper.

If any tests require you to call out answers please do these at home, not in class.

You can do any number of tests and choose which ones you want. You will not be marked on this it is merely to get you to think about memory and testing.

Some you will need to do with a partner and time the test.

You will not get all of them done in class but do try a few at home over the weekend.

Understanding short term memory through a letter recall activity.

Looking at the phenomenon called the Stroop Effect.

Short term memory test

Memory for faces??

Memory test 1-  visual memory

Speed memory test

Impossible Memory test

Please watch the video fun memory test.  but stop it 30 seconds in and instead of drawing what is on a US penny draw what is on a 10 yen coin or another coin you use regularly – either the back or front – do it on scrap paper. Give yourself 5 minutes then compare what you drew to the real thing. How well did you do? Then proceed with the video and see how well you do with the tests. It is not being marked – just getting an idea about memory and testing.

How observant are you?

So how observant are people?

 

Grade 9 ATL portfolios & first summative

This is the summative – 9-A will complete this and present on Sept 18th and 9-D will complete and present on Sept 20th

This is an example of one I like

Please add links to your works cited here 

Peer feedback sheets 9A 

Peer feedback sheet 9D

Here are the ATLs – Skills we will be focusing on developing. Please create a portfolio where you can track your skill development over the course of the year and add reflections

The add your name and hyperlink to your portfolio on the pages below

9 A 

9 D

 

MANIPULATION

Manipulation of behaviour – Most people are sheep – ‘Conformity’

Read this ‘sheep effect’ and see link below for the video
The elevator test – conformity
Most people are sheep
People stop eating when the lights go on

Manipulation of behaviour – Marketing/advertising

Manipulating human behaviour – use this info as basis for introducing manipulation of behaviour  

Manipulating behaviour advertising –

Manipulating behaviour suggestion – Derren Brown & Simon Pegg

Mind manipulation vid

10 revealing principals of human behaviour

Advertisers tricks to make you buy stuff

Advertising and psychology

5 psychological tactics marketers use to influence consumer behaviour

7 tricks advertisers use to make us spend more money

How we are manipulated

Tricks of advertising

How advertisers get you to remember ads

How advertisers manipulate

How colours affect purchases

This is the summative – 9-1 will complete this and present on Sept 18th and 9-4 will complete and present on Sept 20th

This is an example of one I like

Please add links to your works cited here 

Peer feedback sheets 9A 

Peer feedback sheet 9D

BYSTANDER EFFECT

Bystander effect

Moral dilemmas….when would we do something?? Brainstorm factors on why people help someone that they perceive to be in need.  Bystanderism:  why do some people not help someone in need?  Introduction to the  bystander effector bystander intervention, ask yourself what you would do in each of the seven situations and why.

Bystanderism intervention reading looking at the factors that influence whether or not someone helps when a person is in need.  Be able to explain and identify at least 3 of the following factors and explain how each affects bystanderism:diffusion of responsibility, social influence, audience inhibition, arousal, cost-reward, similarity, mood, competence and experience. Which factor(s) do you think plays the greatest role?

Watch the video on the death of Kitty Genovese which led to research by Latane and Darley, and write a quick synopsis of what happened.

Link to questionnaire

Lesson  Bystander effect cont

Time for everyone to catch up on the Bystander reading.  Share your synopses of the Kitty Genovese murder after watching the following video on the incident.

Read the handout on Observation and start to think of the observational study you would like to conduct for Monday’s class.

Watch and observe the action in the clip in class on one situation, and record what you think is most important to remember about what you have observed.  Compare your notes with your classmates at your table, similar or different?  Are there any ethical considerations in the data that you have collected?  How could you make sense of the data?  Bring your findings to class tomorrow and be sure that you read and annotate the handout on Observations.

Behaviourism – conditioning and manipulation

Behaviourism – conditioning and manipulation

Conditioning

Today you will continue our look at human behaviour, in particular ‘Conditioning’ 

Behaviourism is affecting behaviour through conditioning

Work with a partner for today so get into pairs or a 3 if odd numbers.

Jot down your answers and suggestions on a google doc and hyperlink it to this doc using your names – we will go through these next lesson

Read this article  Classic conditioning  

Now watch the video on Pavlov’s work

Pavlov’s dog

  1. Can you think of any examples of conditioned response you might have developed.

Watch this more Recent version of this experiment. Work with a partner and do the following:-

2. Now see if you can come up with a simple experiment similar to the above.

Now watch a similar experiment on a human by Watson and Rayner – Little Albert

3. What’s your reaction to an experiment like this on the baby.

4. Can it be justified to use experiments like this in the pursuit of scientific knowledge or human behaviour.

5. What might the consequences be for this little boy’s behaviour because of his conditioning?

Operant conditioning

6. Think of some examples of positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement that you know have been effective with you.

Operant behaviour and morality. Watch these 2 monkeys – testing fairness experiment….they aren’t daft are they? We will look more at this next lesson.

BYSTANDER EFFECT

Bystander effect

Moral dilemmas….when would we do something?? Brainstorm factors on why people help someone that they perceive to be in need.  Bystanderism:  why do some people not help someone in need?  Introduction to the  bystander effector bystander intervention, ask yourself what you would do in each of the seven situations and why.

Bystanderism intervention reading looking at the factors that influence whether or not someone helps when a person is in need.  Be able to explain and identify at least 3 of the following factors and explain how each affects bystanderism:diffusion of responsibility, social influence, audience inhibition, arousal, cost-reward, similarity, mood, competence and experience. Which factor(s) do you think plays the greatest role?

Watch the video on the death of Kitty Genovese which led to research by Latane and Darley, and write a quick synopsis of what happened.

Link to questionnaire

Lesson  Bystander effect cont

Time for everyone to catch up on the Bystander reading.  Share your synopses of the Kitty Genovese murder after watching the following video on the incident.

Read the handout on Observation and start to think of the observational study you would like to conduct for Monday’s class.

Watch and observe the action in the clip in class on one situation, and record what you think is most important to remember about what you have observed.  Compare your notes with your classmates at your table, similar or different?  Are there any ethical considerations in the data that you have collected?  How could you make sense of the data?  Bring your findings to class tomorrow and be sure that you read and annotate the handout on Observations.

ALTRUISM AND PRO SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR

Psychology of Human Relationships.

Brainstorm the following questions on paper: What factors influence whether a person acts or does not act to help when they see someone in need?  Are there cultures that are more helpful than other cultures?  What are some of the motivations to help?

What is the difference between altruism and prosocial behaviour?  Why do people help people?  Individually think of a situation in which you helped others, and analyse the reason/motivation for why you did it?

Now in groups of two or three share your ideas for the brainstorming session and your answers to the handout questions.  And finally explain the situation where you helped and your reasons, and see if there might be other reasons why someone might exhibit the same behaviour.

Lastly watch the PBS video on children being naturally altruistic?  What are the strengths and limitations of the study?  Bring all your ideas and thoughts to tomorrow morning’s class.

Wed 22 August 9B – Intro to psych

Lesson 1

Video intro to psych

Introduction to Psychology and the study of human behaviour.  What is the nature vs. nurture argument?  Watch the BBC clip on gender stereotypes and summarize the findings of the Cambridge study in regards to adults and gender stereotyping, and the Hines study on monkeys and toy preferences.  Watch the BBC short documentary on Eugenics and sport.  What is one possible explanation for the dominance of black athletes in sprint events?

Using the Nature vs. Nurture (handout), read the arguments and then fill out the chart on the back, and check with your family tonight on whether or not they agree with you, and please bring your sheet to class next lesson.

Article 20 interesting facts you didn’t know about human behaviour

Wed 22 August 9 D – Psych lesson 2 Nature versus Nurture

Article 20 interesting facts you didn’t know about human behaviour

Lesson 2: Introduction to Psychology and the study of human behaviour.  Nature vs nurture (cont.) : What did your nature vs. nurture activity tell you?  Looking at twin studies and what they tell us.  Watch twin studies nature vs. nurture and the differences in size and weight between Cory and Eric, and how the nourishment in the womb plays a part.  Watch the following clip on twins separated at birth, then answer the following questions:

  1. What unethical decision was responsible for the situation described in this video?
  2. Can you think of situation when it might be justified to be unethical in the pursuit of scientific knowledge of genetics or evolution?
  3. What is the most powerful evidence in this video that nature is more influential than nurture in explaining, predicting, or understanding human behavior?

Here is a more detailed video of the twin girls separated at birth.  Summarize the findings of twin studies and what they can tell us about the nature vs. nurture debate.

Tues 21 August – 9D Intro to Psychology – Nature versus Nurture

Lesson 1

Video intro to psych

Introduction to Psychology and the study of human behaviour.  What is the nature vs. nurture argument?  Watch the BBC clip on gender stereotypes and summarize the findings of the Cambridge study in regards to adults and gender stereotyping, and the Hines study on monkeys and toy preferences.  Watch the BBC short documentary on Eugenics and sport.  What is one possible explanation for the dominance of black athletes in sprint events?

Using the Nature vs. Nurture (handout), read the arguments and then fill out the chart on the back, and check with your family tonight on whether or not they agree with you, and please bring your sheet to class next lesson.